As the weather gets colder, people start thinking about getting cozy in front of a beautiful fire. Even if you had your chimney cleaned at the end of last winter, it is a good idea to ask a certified chimney sweep to inspect before you start using your fireplace. No one wants to experience the cold season in Washington DC, Maryland, and Virginia without being able to use their fireplace safely. Their many reasons why waiting until the winter for a chimney sweep is not the best idea.
Things Can Change In Your Chimney Over The Summer?
An unused chimney is not a vacuum-sealed space that stays in perfect condition until you open it up for the winter heating season. Things happen both inside and outside that can change your chimney or fireplace needs.
- Animals like squirrels love places like chimneys. If your chimney cap was damaged or missing, you made an open-door invitation to nest builders and nut storage. Animals in your chimney threaten the safety of your home.
- If a chimney swift has built a nest in your chimney, it issues by the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act and will usually be gone when cold weather arrives. If it is still there, your Chimney Sweep can answer your questions about your options.
- The storms that your chimney encountered during the spring and summer can cause damage to masonry and flashing. Heavy rainfall and wind drive water into those damaged areas. Your chimney could already be damaged.
Why Not Wait Until Winter?
While winter is the time that we use our fireplace and chimney, it’s not a good time to do inspections and repairs. Chimney service companies are busiest just before the winter holidays because people start a fire on the hearth then realize that the chimney isn’t clear and call in a panic.
- Your chimney could have small cracks in the mortar and flashing. These cracks turn into leaks once the freeze-thaw cycle of winter starts. It is always best to catch problems early. Small cracks quickly turn into major problems. Repairs now save you money.
- Many chimney repairs need good weather and a specific temperature window to be done correctly. Fall weather is warm enough for repairs to be completed quickly.
- If you wait until winter to call, you might have to wait longer for the sweep to come and risk waiting for needed repairs past the time you wanted to enjoy your fireplace.
- If you use your chimney without inspection, you risk the health and safety of your home. You don’t know for sure if your chimney is safe.
Why Not DIY?
Cleaning your chimney yourself is a bad idea. Certified sweeps are the best choice to do an inspection. The reasons are simple.
- Certified sweeps know what to look for and what to do about it.
- Certified sweeps have the equipment to see deep into your chimney and vents.
- Professional chimney sweep technicians have the experience and training to see current problems in addition to identifying potential problems. Early detection saves you money.
- If repairs are needed, they often can do those repairs in the same visit or schedule a time before the winter hits.
If you have a chimney, you need a sweep every year. Make sure your home is protected by selecting a chimney service professional who is fully certified and call for an appointment before the busy season starts. Waiting until the winter could be too late.
Springtime is often not the time that homeowners are thinking about chimneys but this is a good time of year for doing many maintenance tasks. Fireplace and chimney maintenance is essential regardless of whether you have a wood burning fireplace, pellet stove or gas fireplace. In fact, a spring chimney cleaning and inspection should be scheduled early to catch problems while they are small.
Eliminate fireplace odors
The smell of a wood fire is lovely while it is burning, but the scent of an uncleaned chimney and fireplace in the humidity of summer is not wonderful at all. A foul-smell can be a sign that you need chimney repairs.
- Professional chimney sweeps have the equipment and experience to remove ash and creosote without leaving a mess.
- A clean fireplace is an excellent location for your favorite scented candles to burn safely.
- Uncapped chimneys are holes in your roof for the rain to come in and mix with an uncleaned stack to harden residue and create odors.
Repair cracks that can lead to chimney leaks
The Mid-Atlantic spring is a series of freeze/thaw cycles. Water seeps into hairline cracks in your chimney, freezes, and widens those cracks so that more water can get in and freeze again. The recurring freeze/thaw cycle can split boulders. Imagine how much damage water can do to your chimney. Repairs should be an be scheduled before the summer rains start. Failure to do so can result in costly repairs.
- The cement crown is designed to shed water away from the chimney. If it is cracked, it will start to crack and cause leaks.
- Crowns can also be rebuilt or replaced.
- Mortar between bricks can be re-pointed, and a few cracked blocks can be replaced without rebuilding.
- Further damage to masonry usually requires that the chimney must be rebuilt.
- Waterproofing your chimney keeps the freeze/thaw cycle from occurring.
- Common causes of chimney leaks can be addressed, like inadequate flashing.
Keep critters away from your chimney
Did you know that chimney swifts are a federally protected species? They start coming into the area in late March and begin nesting in May. Early spring is the best time to take steps to prevent them from moving in. If there is a chimney swift nesting in your chimney, you cannot get rid of them. You must wait until they are done raising their young before removing the highly-flammable nest. Other unwanted visitors can include:
- Rats & Mice
How do these unwelcome visitors get in? If damage has occurred in your chimney cap or screen, they consider any opening an invitation. Birds and animals in chimneys and flues cause fires and keep carbon monoxide from leaving your home so it’s not something you can ignore even if you don’t mind sharing your space with wildlife. In most cases, animal problems can be prevented by installing a chimney cap.
- Check for signs of uninvited wildlife.
- Remove the wildlife following safety precautions (most people call an animal control service) and remember that chimney swifts are a protected species.
- Keep them out by installing screens and caps to your chimneys and vents.
Close The Damper
Many times the damper is inadvertently left open after the last fire of the winter is enjoyed. This can be a problem in the spring and summer:
- Open dampers can draw your expensively cooled air out of the room and up the chimney.
- Even with a screen, some unwelcome wildlife can make an appearance. Mice can fit in a hole the diameter of a pencil.
- A violent summer storm can rain sideways resulting in leakage that bypasses your chimney cap and flows past your open damper.
Make Renovations & Remodels Easier
Springtime is a good time to renovate or remodel your fireplace and chimney. As next winter approaches, everybody else will be suddenly scheduling chimney cleanings and fireplace installations. Chimney companies will take longer to schedule service, and in many cases, the prices are higher. Now is a good time:
- Think about the past winter. What did you wish you had in the way of fireplaces? Gas instead of wood? Insert or stove? A nicer view of the flames? An easier form of indoor heating? Now is a great time to see what would be involved in making that wish come true.
- Were you happy with your previous chimney cleaning experience? Check out testimonials of potential chimney services that can offer more than a quick swipe at soot.
- Ask for a professional estimate of the options that would work in your home and get a reliable estimate of the cost.
- Schedule your upgrades soon so they can be done in good weather and when it is most convenient for your summer plans.
The difference between a chimney sweep and chimney inspection is slight but crucial. Cleaning removes the deposits that have built up over time. Inspections are professional examinations of the installation, condition, and structure of your chimney. A professional chimney sweep in Washington DC always includes a basic inspection as part of the chimney cleaning. Chimney sweeps and inspections are both essential to maintaining the safety of your home.
How Often Should A Chimney Be Inspected?
According to the National Fire Protection Association Standard 211 (NFPA211), all fireplaces, chimneys, and vents should be inspected annually to make sure they are safe to use. That means they have no cracks or leaks, no deposits, and are clear of hazards. If the fireplace, chimney, or vent heavily used, it should be monitored more closely because heavy use is naturally going to create more potential for buildup of soot and creosote. All fireplaces must be cleaned every year including gas fireplaces. A cleaning will reveal whether or not a more enhanced inspection is required.
What Happens During Inspections?
Inspections should be done by a chimney sweep professional who is qualified, certified, and familiar with your local codes. They should protect your home with drop cloths in their work area and document what they are doing. Afterwards, you should have a detailed report and an estimate of any needed repairs.
There are three different levels of chimney inspection
- A Level One Inspection is verification of structural soundness and readiness for the use of the chimney. Cleaning should always include a level one inspection. The chimney tech should look for warning signs.
- A Level Two Inspection is commonly part of a real estate transaction. Most home inspectors do not have the skills or tools to inspect a chimney and fireplace properly. As a result, the buyer will hire a licensed chimney company to check the chimney. Level 2 inspections are also done when the homeowner is installing a new home heating appliance or changing the type of fuel. A level 2 inspection should include everything in Level One plus inspection of accessible areas. There should be a video scan of the flue system.
- A Level Three Inspection are required when something has been observed to indicate a need to go into concealed areas. The inspector has to go behind the walls surrounding the chimney and flue to check for damage and hazardous conditions. If this level of inspection is recommended, it is dangerous to ignore the advice.
What Happens During Chimney Cleaning?
- A professional chimney sweep will leave your home cleaner and safer than it was before.
- Since cleaning out soot and creosote is a messy job, they will use drop cloths in the work area to protect your home.
- All deposits and debris are removed from the flue system with tools designed for the task. The whole mess is removed from your home.
- A level one inspection is completed. If minor repairs can be done during the visit and you give permission, there is usually a discount for work done during the visit. Otherwise, an estimate of the repairs that will be needed will be given to you.
- The crew cleans up after themselves, and all that remains is a fireplace or stove in good working order.
Do I Need Both Inspections and Cleanings?
All chimneys should have a chimney sweep including a level one inspection every year. The sweep will determine if a higher level of inspection is needed. Following the advice of your chimney repair technician is essential. Complete any suggested repairs so that you and your family can be safe and warm. Annual chimney sweeps help prevent costly repairs.
Whether you just moved into a home in Washington DC with a wood-burning fireplace or you’re looking to modernize your fireplace in a house that you have owned for years, it might be time to explore the options to convert it into a gas fireplace. A professional chimney sweep company like ours can assist you. In this article, you will learn more about the available options for converting your wood-burning fireplace into an energy efficient gas fireplace.
There are quite a few options to consider.
How will gas reach your fireplace?
You have to consider how the gas will reach your fireplace. If you have natural gas at your home, you can have a gas line run to the fireplace. If you don’t have natural gas and do not want to have it run, then your option is to use a propane tank. Either will work, so it’s a preference based on what you already have at your home.
Gas Fireplace Kit
A gas fireplace kit is something that is relatively simple to install. The damper is locked into a partially open position, which has pros and cons. It means that no one can forget to open the vent, so you won’t have to worry about carbon monoxide threatening your home. However, you will lose some of the heat. Tight-fitting glass doors can be installed to help counteract that problem.
Some kits are more advanced than others, providing you with various features:
- Remove controls
- Decorative hearth
You can choose a kit that works for you and stay within your budget. At first glance, gas fireplace kits appear to be a great low-cost option. However, the heat loss can kill the energy efficiency of your home.
Vent-Free Gas Fireplace
You may also want to explore a vent-free gas fireplace. Your chimney would be for show from now on because no exhaust goes up the chimney. The benefit to this is that you get to have all of the heat inside of the room while still having an open fire. One thing to know is that the combustion exhaust stays inside, so you would either have to create a vent in the home or deal with the exhaust, which could be problematic of people who have asthma or allergy problems. If this is your primary heating system, you will probably want to find an alternative because it’s not recommended to run for more than three hours at a time.
Many installation companies consider vent-free gas fireplaces to be dangerous. The risks presented by gas exhaust entering the home represents a potential health risk that outweighs any benefit of having the stove installed. We do not recommend this option.
Gas Fireplace Insert
One of the best options is a gas fireplace insert. It is the more expensive option out of the three, but it also allows you to enjoy a fire without the worries present with other options. The insert goes behind closed glass doors. However, you can still see the flame and feel the warmth of your fireplace. You won’t have an open fire, and you can leave it running for as long as you want.
There are a few benefits to be aware of:
- The look is tidy
- Glass doors provide a good seal
- Exhaust is piped out
- Gas fireplace inserts energy efficient.
- You enjoy good indoor air quality
A complete insert goes into the opening of your existing fireplace. Only professional installers should be trusted to install gas fireplace inserts. You may want to check out this article that describes the steps in the installation process.
Deciding the Best Gas Fireplace Option for You
Converting from a wood-burning fireplace to a gas fireplace can be a great option. There’s a convenience with gas that you don’t get out of wood. You can quickly press a button, flip a switch, or point a remote at the fireplace to get the heat going.
You have to decide what’s right for your home based on cost, aesthetics, and overall function. We recommended that you work with professionals who can talk to you about the pros and cons that apply to your unique needs. They will also help identify options for the gas lines.
Take the time to explore your options so that the next fire you enjoy can be free of any problems. Making the switch from wood to gas could be the best thing you do for your home this year.
When the cold winter winds of Washington DC start to blow, many people turn to the comfort of a cheery fire burning brightly in their home. Gathering around the fire to watch Sunday night football or playing family games in front of the roaring blaze are traditions that many families look forward to during the winter. Failure to perform preventive maintenance such as getting an annual chimney sweep can result in backdrafts. Periodic chilly breezes or lingering smell of smoke can be an unwanted side effect that is often caused by a drafty chimney.
Diagnosing A Drafty Chimney
Whether you light a fire every night or have the occasional blaze when guests are over, no one wants to experience the unwanted side effects of a drafty chimney. Avoiding a smoke-filled house or an unwanted chill running through your living room is made easier when you properly diagnose the reason behind your drafty chimney. To get you started on the right path, here are five reasons why you might have a drafty chimney.
Reason #1: Chimney Blockage
If the flow of air into the chimney is blocked, it can prevent smoke from going up your chimney and instead cause it to billow into your home. There are many common causes for a blocked stack, including:
- A build-up of soot in the chimney cap screen.
- Bird nests inside of the chimney, on the cap screen, or over the top of the chimney.
- Creosote build-up inside of the flue lining.
- A blocked damper that isn’t opening fully.
- Broken pieces of masonry that are sticking out at odd angles inside of the chimney.
The leading professional chimney associations recommend that chimneys be professionally cleaned and inspected on a yearly basis. If you notice that smoke consistently pours into your home when you have a fire lit, it could be because your chimney is blocked. In such it is probably time for you to call to clean and remove any blockage.
Reason #2: Restricted Airflow
Did you know that a chimney needs a bit of airflow in order to pull the smoke up and out of the house? If your home is tightly sealed, then your chimney might not be receiving enough airflow, which could cause the smoke to remain stagnant or filter back into the home. More often than not inadequate airflow is caused by other in-home appliances, such as exhaust fans. You can experiment with opening a window near the fireplace to resolve this drafty chimney dilemma.
Reason #3: Flue Temperature
Hot air rises, while cold air sinks. This might seem like a “no-brainer” statement, but it is important to remember if you are experiencing a drafty chimney. When the flue is too cold it can cool the combustion gases and cause them to sink back into the chimney. This particular drafty chimney issue is most common with exterior masonry chimneys, which typically lose a significant amount of heat due to their positioning.
Reason #4: Chimney Size
The size of your chimney might be the reason that it is creating a draft. The NFPA has a list of suggested heights and guidelines for chimneys, however, as is all too often the case that these specifications aren’t followed. If you have a drafty chimney, be sure to examine the following factors to determine if size is the root cause.
- Has the chimney been built to the correct height specifications, or is it too short for the associated architectural structure, including roofline?
- Is the chimney too high and thus in an area with increased drafts?
- Does the chimney have the same diameter as the wood-burning appliance’s flue outlet?
- Is the chimney more than twice the cross-sectional area of the wood-burning appliance’s flue outlet?
If the above questions are leaving you a bit perplexed, don’t worry, a chimney company can help to determine if your chimney is appropriately sized for its use with an associated wood-burning appliance or as a traditional fireplace. You can find tips on how to find a professional chimney sweep company here.
Reason #5: Wind Patterns
Did you know that certain wind patterns can actually increase chimney draft? There are several characteristics that can lead to a drafty chimney, including:
- Wind that blows directly across the tops of chimneys can cause drafts.
- Rain caps might not prevent wind drafts, but a draft reducing cap can help to reduce the impact of the wind-induced downdraft.
- Tall trees or nearby tall buildings can also affect wind patterns to create a downdraft.
Remember that chimney draft can occur in the right wind patterns; however, it shouldn’t be a daily occurrence.
Make sure that your chimney is ready to perform at its best. Through the above five reasons you can begin to understand why chimney draft is occurring, and with the help of a professional chimney repair company, you can fix the issue so that you can enjoy all of the warmth and comfort that a fire provides during the cold winter months. Still unsure about getting your chimney cleaned every year? Read our previous article.